Shomaila Sadaf is a Doctoral Researcher at the Department of language and communication studies, University of Jyväskylä, Finland. Her research areas focus on social interactions online and use of language and other discourses in social media platforms. She is also interested in studying hate speech in social media, intercultural communication and communication patterns in mainstream media. She got her second master’s degree in Intercultural Communication and Management from the University of Jyväskylä, Finland. She studied the patterns of hate speech in social media as her final project. She did her first master’s degree in the Media and Communication Studies and studied the hazards of investigative journalism in Pakistan.